Le Cinéma: cent ans de jeunesse

In the summer of 2009, BFI joined a film-making programme established by the Cinémathèque Française in Paris in 1995 called ‘Le Cinéma, cent ans de jeunesse’.  These pages track the progress of the English participation in the project, from our first venture in 2009/10 (‘Why move the camera?’).  The latest theme is ‘Places and Stories’, 2017/18.

What is ‘Le Cinéma, cent ans de jeunesse’ ?

In 1995, the Cinémathèque Française set up a young people’s film-making programme to celebrate the centenary of cinema. The programme had a specific approach and working method which is still going strong more than 20 years later.  Firstly, all the young people involved in the programme follow the same process: to make films that respond to an aspect of film language.  Second, the programme is very tightly structured into exploratory exercises and the production of a final ‘film essai’.  The whole process takes between 30 and 50 hours, over two terms.  Thirdly, there is a comprehensive ‘viewing curriculum’ of clips taken from the history of cinema and from around the world. Fourth, each workshop is run by a film-maker and a teacher, each with particular responsibilities.

In 1995 the subject was ‘Lumière’: all participants made films in the same spirit, and under some of the same constraints, as the Lumière Brothers.

Over the next 15 years the programme grew to involve 25 – 30 workshop groups or ‘ateliers’ each year.  In the last few years workshops from Spain, Italy, and Portugal joined the original French groups, and in 2009 the BFI brought groups from south London into the programme.  In 2010 our first cohort of Lincolnshire primary schools joined, and in 2012, several groups from Edinburgh and Dundee, led by the Centre for the Moving Image at Edinburgh Filmhouse.  In 2013/14 there were 31 workshop groups in Scotland, and more in Lincolnshire, London, and Taunton.  By 2017/18, the international cohort had expanded to Lithuania, Bulgaria, Germany, Finland, Romania, and Belgium, and Brazil, India, Japan and Cuba.

The film language topics covered include ‘light’, ‘colour’, ‘figure/fond’ (foreground/background), ‘camera movement’, ‘hiding/revealing’, ‘real/fiction’, mettre en scene’ or ‘staging’.  In 2013/14 we followed with ‘plan sequence’, or ‘the long take’, and the year after it was ‘L’Intervalle’, or the gaps and spaces between characters, and between film and audience.  In 2015/16, the programme joined the international climate change conference in Paris, COP 21, by exploring weather and climate: ‘Le Meteo’.  In 2016/17 the focus was on ‘play’ in the cinema.  In 2017/18, the programme moved on to consider the relationship between ‘places’, and ‘stories’: how particular places can generate, or be associated with, stories in cinema.

Film-making groups in education settings in the UK are welcome to join the project by emailing mark.reid@bfi.org.uk.

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Sandie Jamieson’s reflections

Sandie has generously shared her thoughts on the mid-term review meeting we had in Edinburgh last month..

The notes I took from the meeting were probably more practical than theoretical. Both my classes (P5 & P7) have found some of the concepts related to ‘place’ difficult to put into practice. Story is more important to the children than place. Although their stories are motivated by the specific places that are special to them, it is their stories that they want to communicate clearly rather than details of the location. So at the meeting I was keen to find out how others had managed the exercises.

The relief for me is that I am not alone. Even older groups seemed to err more towards communicating story or character than establishing place. So what did I learn from the discussion and from watching the photos and films from the different groups?

  • Define or delineate the space. It is useful to have a wide shot of the place as well as the detail shots so that we understand the space.
  • It’s important that the place is a real place and not imaginary.
  • The place is a character and it’s a main character. For this project, story is less important that understanding the space. “Stories are accidental through the exploration of place”.
  • One film from Paris was of a group of children playing in a public square. In the voice over the children talked about how the square had been under threat of development and that they had protested and saved it. The story wasn’t true but it felt true because the way the children told it. The place inspired the story. The only thing was, like almost all of the films we watched, the children themselves dominated the screen. It would have been better if we had seen more detail of the square that they were so passionate about in their story.
  • Michelle talked about ‘affordances’ i.e. particular characteristics that allow or restrict things happening.
  • One of Kate’s groups included a map in their film but for some reason this seemed to be dismissed as inappropriate. However I love maps, they can tell you so much about a place and can definitely define it (in terms of topography, vegetation, history, place names, location, habitation, structures, access etc) so I think they could be a useful device.
  • Where places were more clearly defined, the feel or impression of the film was more documentary than fiction. I wonder if perhaps including some documentary clips might help young people understand better how to define the space on camera?
  • The Lithuanian filmmaker/teacher had an interesting approach. She got the young people to explore the place with their bodies. They were blindfolded and spent time exploring the space with their senses – what did the space feel like, what could they hear or smell? They did this before using their eyes and taking photographs. This seemed to change their attitude to the shots they took and the duration of the shots. There was more time on screen for observation.

    NB I tried this with the P5 class yesterday. They went into the small area of woodland in the school ground and were allocated a tree each, spread out throughout the area. They have done a lot of mindfulness and yoga so are quite comfortable with the concept of having their eyes closed for a period of time and just focussing on the moment. Of course as luck would have it, the Beast from the East joined us and the dominant experience of the children was the snow on their faces rather than the space around them. The teacher is going to do some poetry with them based on their experience and hopefully if she can draw out the experience of being in the woods rather than just the sensory experience of the snow, we will have the basis for the woods as a character. However, I suspect that we may have to try this again once the snow has gone.

  • The Lithuanian group used a large mirror to reflect part of the space that would otherwise have been hidden from the camera (when pointing in one direction). They were filming in an abandoned house and the use of the mirror was stunning and unsettling.
  • In order to give the impression of the place in a different time, one group superimposed still images of past events that might have taken place in the area (including dinosaurs) on video shots of the place in the present.
  • Footprints or marks are evidence of things that have happened in the past.
  • Think about transitional places such as bridges that take us to the special place or barriers that prevent us entering. It’s important that if there is a barrier, we can see that what it is and how it does in fact prevent entry. In one of the Bulgarian films (I think) we saw two young people outside a church, they got to the door but didn’t go in. Instead they walked away. It would have been good to see if the door was actually locked or if the barrier was their own feelings or culture preventing them from entering. I think the young people might have been Romany in which case the reason for not entering the church might not have been as simple as the door being locked.
  • In the Exercise 2 film from Belgium, a girl covered her eyes, the screen went black and we just heard the sounds of the place. It was very effective.
  • In different examples the filmmakers played around with the frame rate so time lapse and slow motion. What I liked about this was that it emphasised how the spaces remained the same while it was just the transient people who moved and changed.
  • The Finnish group produced a film about a young person getting on a bus and their journey on the bus. There was a discussion about whether or not the bus was ‘a place’. Obviously it is a place but was this bus a particular place, a unique place. Some thought it was, that it was a particular bus that the young person gets on everyday. Others disagreed because there was nothing to signify that this was a particular bus, a bus that was special to the young person. I think it was a useful discussion. In my mind, I think if we had seen the young person waiting for the bus and ignoring other buses going on the same route we might have some indication that s/he was looking for a particular vehicle. Or if there was some graffiti on the bus that s/he obviously identified with or had ownership of in some way then perhaps the audience would understand that the bus was unique. Although the filmmakers did show the bus in some detail, there was nothing that was different from any other bus.
  • There were several films shot in urban areas. Again there was nothing to identify that these were specific areas – different from the other areas/cities. One urban area looked just like another, even though they were in different countries.
  • It was said by someone that it’s difficult for young people to create a sense of history. I’m not sure that that is true. The P5 class do have a sense of their own history, in particular the things that they did in P1. There are places around the school where they have particular memories and stories to tell.
  • The Berlin group were asked to identify places that they liked and didn’t like. One place they chose was the Cathedral. It was familiar to all of them because of school and their community. In one version of the exercise, two boys played with a basketball in the main aisle and between the pews, while a girl sat still. It wasn’t clear if she was imagining this happening or if it was happening and she was trying to pretend it wasn’t. The effect of playing basketball in the space was disturbing and uncomfortable. I’m interested in knowing why the young people chose do this? Unspoken but obvious rules were being broken. It was sacrilegious and transgressed the space (in fact it was really a transgression, the church officials were very unhappy about it and they stopped it as soon as they became aware of it happening). The idea of transgressing a space is interesting because therein lies drama.
  • The Berlin group also used a skate park and were influenced by the Paranoid Park clips. There were some interesting shots from cameras mounted on skate boards and people that helped to reveal the space.
  • The Bulgaria group were almost all Romany children. They used a old film stills camera as a device to move from the present to the past (or at lease a different time). When one of the main characters held the camera’s viewfinder up to her eye, she saw young people in traditional Romany costume, the next time, they were beatboxing. It was an interesting way of revealing their old and contemporary culture (the latter obviously influenced by YouTube). However, there was no obvious relationship to place.
  • Avoid clichés. (I can’t remember what this was in relation to but it’s still a good thing to be reminded to be creative and original)
  • Remember that place reveals character. For example, in Exercise 1, the details of the special places from the children’s homes and what they chose to show and what they chose to keep hidden was very interesting and revealed a lot about their interests and backgrounds.
  • Don’t forget to identify the places. Take photographs. Feel & sense the place. Try to understand the place. Then develop the story with the place as one of the main characters.

Other things that occurred to me were:

  • how could we use archive footage from the Scotland on Screen archive or home movie clips or other personal footage or photographs to give a sense of history in a place?
  • Smell is often an important part of a place. How can that be communicated in an interesting, non-cliche way? One of the P5s suggested seeing the smell somehow, like a vapour …….
  • The most effective films about place were the ones that were slow paced. I guess it depends on the place but the slow pace gave us time to get to know the place, to scan the screen and pick out the details and to also listen to the sound.

Hide and go seek could be a device for revealing a large place and its ambient sound.

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Compilation of Edinburgh Exercises

Francois at the Cinematheque has put together this 20 compilation of extracts from the various Exercises screened at the midterm plenary at the Filmhouse in Edinburgh on 17th Feb.

Posted in Lincolnshire Schools, Paris project, Place and Story 2017-2018, Places and stories 2017 - 2018, Scottish schools | Leave a comment

Mid-term review in London

Schools joining us on 14th March at BFI Southbank were Legsby and St. Margaret’s Withern; Westmere Sutton Bridge; North Summercotes; Grimoldby; Fosse Way Academy; Grazebrook and Shacklewell Primaries; and Vittoria in Islington.

North Summercotes are putting their Exercises on their school website:  https://nspri.co.uk/la-cinemateque-francaise/

Their Exercise 3 is a mini-narrative filmed around the church in the village, originally intending to feature the young man going back in time and being filed around the church, in the end (weather intervening) they used their recce footage and filtered it to black and white to give that ‘pastness’ feel.  We talked about the minimum information needed to denote something being represented ‘in the past’, though here, the group do a very good job of suggesting the church’s history is being filtered through the boy’s imagination, as he sits on the wall waiting for his classmates.  It fulfils the brief for Exercise 3 very well: ‘Film a Place and introduce an element of another time, whether that be the past or the future. This will be mainly, but not exclusively, indicated by the soundtrack, through voice, sounds and music. The sound and the images don’t have to be synchronous’. 

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Mid-term review Edinburgh Feb 2018

Below, thanks to Ginte in Vilius, and Gerry and Arnaud in Paris, we have Exercise 1 from College Barbara, and Exercise 1 and 3 from Lithuania.

 

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Entering & exiting spaces & places around Islington – Vittoria Primary School – Task 2

For Exercise 2 the children split into 2 groups and decided where they wanted to make their film and how to shoot it. One group decided to use Hadia’s important place from exercise 1 and record her entering and exiting the lift to arrive there.

The second group took advantage of the school being so close to a local landmark – the Angel Central shopping centre. Here they filmed two members of the group entering and exiting an escalator.

Once the groups had shot all the footage they needed, they edited it together using iMovie and then shared what they had made with each other.

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Vittoria Primary School – Children’s favourite spaces/places

Vittoria Primary School in North London have been working on Task 1 of the ‘Places and Stories’ theme for this year. Below are the photos and videos made in response to filming / photographing the places they consider to be special.

For Exercise 1 the children used personal devices from home to capture film or images of a place that was important to them (which they brought into school the following week). It was an interesting exercise because it gave all of us an insight into each other’s lives and highlighted that how we use a place can dictate our feelings about it. The children gave many different reasons for why the place they chose was important to them such as:

-it was where he spent a lot of time doing something he loves (Chase and drawing at the table in his photos)

-it was a quiet place they came to feel calm (Hadia and the space outside her flat, Kayley and the green space near her home)

-it was where they spent most of their time as a family and some of her siblings were born there in a birthing pool (Lillie-Rae and her living room)

-it was their room and somewhere they spend most of their time (Fahmida and Akib)

-he loved being able to see the wide expanse of London along the riverside and has been collecting things he has found on the beach there for years (Max and the Millennium Bridge)

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Launch of Places and Stories in Lincoln

We launched this year’s Lincolnshire edition of Cinema cent ans de jeunesse at Fosse Way Academy in Lincoln, on 1st November.  Below are the PPT we followed, and the sample SoW for the after-school version of the project.

https://www.slideshare.net/secret/6EaZscxcl8XYan

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